https://www.zurnalai.vu.lt/respectus-philologicus/issue/feed Respectus Philologicus 2020-04-21T07:25:33+00:00 Gabija Bankauskaitė gabija.bankauskaite@knf.vu.lt Open Journal Systems <p>Įkurtas 1999 m. Žurnalas skirtas lingvistiniams tyrimams, literatūros naratyvų ir kontekstų problematikai, reklamos diskurso paveikumo klausimams, vertimo teorijai ir praktikai, audiovizualiniams tyrimams.</p> https://www.zurnalai.vu.lt/respectus-philologicus/article/view/17053 Means of Creating the Media Image of a Candidate to the Post of Mayor through Contextual Argumentation (on the materials of the texts about the 2018–2019 elections in Moscow, Vilnius and Belgrade) 2020-04-21T07:25:33+00:00 Viktorija Makarova viktorija.makarova@flf.vu.lt Aleksey Shulus shulusalexey@gmail.com <p>In political cultures of a number of countries, the creation of a politician’s media image is based on the fundamental principle of his/her work being formulated as the achievement of the goal of ensuring a nation’s well-being and a country’s development. The present article demonstrates concrete similarities and differences discernible in the construction of a politician’s media image in the Russian, Lithuanian and Serbian media discourses from a rhetorical perspective. The methodological basis of the investigation is provided by the ideas of the new rhetoric and Ch. Perelman and L. Olbrechts-Tyteca’s assumption concerning the fact that the speaker’s ideas are accepted (or not accepted) by the audience not depending on the degree of the strictness of logical propositions and conclusions, but rather on the fact of whether the hearers have adhered to the grounds given by the speaker. Consequently, a researcher analysing the ways text influences the consciousness of those receiving it may identify shared truths and value judgements. On the basis of the analysis of contextual argumentation used for the creation of the media image of the candidates for the post of mayor in the three media discourses, an attempt to establish shared truths and values as well as certain regularities in the process of media image creation characteristic of the Russian, Lithuanian and Serbian media discourses has been made.</p> 2020-04-20T00:00:00+00:00 Autorių teisių (c) 2020 Authors https://www.zurnalai.vu.lt/respectus-philologicus/article/view/17055 Tarpfrazinių pauzių trukmė skaitomoje kalboje 2020-04-21T07:25:29+00:00 Asta Kazlauskienė asta.kazlauskiene@vdu.lt Eidmantė Kalašinskaitė eidmante.kalasinskaite@stud.vdu.lt <p>&nbsp;Šio tyrimo tikslas&nbsp;– nustatyti pauzių tarp pastraipų ir sakinių trukmę skaitomoje kalboje ir jų sąsają su šių kalbos vienetų ilgiu bei skaitymo greičiu. Tyrimo medžiagą sudaro 48 garso įrašai (aštuoni diktoriai skaitė šešis skirtingų funkcinių stilių tekstus). Tyrimo rezultatai rodo, kad pauzes tarp pastraipų paprastai daro visi skaitantieji balsu, o jų trukmė priklauso nuo skaitymo greičio: greičiau skaitančiųjų pauzės yra vidutiniškai nuo 400 ms iki 1340 ms, lėčiau skaitančiųjų&nbsp;– nuo 750 ms iki 1800 ms. Po trumpų pastraipų pauzės yra trumpiausios, o po ilgesnių pastraipų jos yra 1,2 karto ilgesnės. Pauzės tarp skaitomų sakinių taip pat beveik visada daromos. Greičiau skaitančiųjų pauzės vidutiniškai yra nuo 200 ms iki 980 ms, lėčiau skaitančiųjų&nbsp;– nuo 340 ms iki 1360 ms. Ilgėjant sakiniams, ilgėja ir pauzės po jų (iki 1,4 karto). Tačiau po ilgų sakinių jos gali būti tokios pačios trukmės, kaip ir po vidutinių sakinių.</p> 2020-04-20T00:00:00+00:00 Autorių teisių (c) 2020 Authors https://www.zurnalai.vu.lt/respectus-philologicus/article/view/17056 The Anti-language in the English as a Foreign Language Curriculum 2020-04-21T07:25:24+00:00 Silvana Neshkovska silvana.neskovska@uklo.edu.mk <p class="ISSN-abst-virsus">The aim of this paper is to raise awareness of the significance of slang in educating well-rounded EFL learners. The study, first, uncovers the most salient features of slang, distinguishing it from jargon, argot, cant, etc. It also discusses the reasons why slang springs to life; the users of slang and functions it performs, as well as the word-formation processes employed in its creation.<br>The paper further investigates the familiarity of Macedonian undergraduate students of English with currently relevant English and American slang, the main hypothesis being that they lack knowledge of slang due to insufficient exposure and instruction. The instruments used are a questionnaire and a quiz comprising 60 slang terms, intended to inspect informants’ knowledge of slang.<br>The results obtained from this research confirm that slang is disregarded in EFL acquisition, and that no steady progress is made in the students’ knowledge of slang in the course of their university studies.</p> 2020-04-20T00:00:00+00:00 Autorių teisių (c) 2020 Authors https://www.zurnalai.vu.lt/respectus-philologicus/article/view/17057 Acquisition of Noun Inflection in Lithuanian as a Foreign Language: a Qualitative Study 2020-04-21T07:25:20+00:00 Anzhalika Dubasava anzhalikad@gmail.com <p class="ISSN-abst-virsus">The aim of the research was to investigate how native speakers of Russian, which is a highly complex inflectional language, cope with the acquisition of the similar by structure and complexity Lithuanian language. The subjects were adults of different age and education who learned Lithuanian in Belarus. I analyse errors related to the acquisition of noun case. The errors are divided into formal (acquisition of endings) and conceptual ones (choice of the appropriate case). I shortly compare my results with the results of similar research conducted in Lithuania where the subjects were native speakers of different languages.<br>The results of the study show that similar errors are typical for native speakers of different languages irrespective of their morphological complexity. A complex inflectional system of a native language is not necessarily beneficial, but it seems to give some advantages for the acquisition of semantic (not syntactic) cases.</p> 2020-04-20T00:00:00+00:00 Autorių teisių (c) 2020 Authors https://www.zurnalai.vu.lt/respectus-philologicus/article/view/17058 Provokacija kaip žanras: retorinės MeToo diskurso apibrėžtys 2020-04-21T07:25:15+00:00 Eglė Gabrėnaitė egle.gabrenaite@khf.vu.lt Monika Triaušytė monika.triausyte@knf.vu.lt <p>Šiuolaikinės medijos lėmė komunikacijos aprėpties, intensionalumo ir efektyvumo pokyčius. Interneto terpė, suteikianti kone nevaržomą dialogo ir polilogo galimybę, tapo patrauklia erdve provokacijai gimti ir funkcionuoti. Provokatyvus naratyvas ne tik inspiruoja žanrų kaitos procesus, bet ir pats formuojasi kaip tokios žanrinės modifikacijos rezultatas. Straipsnyje kaip provokatyvus diskursas analizuojamas pasaulinio judėjimo&nbsp;<em xml:lang="en-US">MeToo</em>, skatinančio viešinti seksualinio priekabiavimo atvejus, lietuviškasis variantas&nbsp;– seksualinį priekabiavimą patyrusių moterų liudijimai, šį klausimą aptariančios publikacijos žiniasklaidoje, diskurso dalyvių interviu, komentarai.&nbsp;<em xml:lang="en-US">MeToo</em>&nbsp;diskursas charakterizuojamas retoriniu aspektu: išskleidžiama provokacijos kaip paveikios komunikacijos strategijos samprata; aptartas provokatyvaus naratyvo santykis su žanro kategorija; išskirti būdingi retorinės invencijos, dispozicijos ir elokucijos dėmenys.</p> 2020-04-20T00:00:00+00:00 Autorių teisių (c) 2020 Authors https://www.zurnalai.vu.lt/respectus-philologicus/article/view/17059 Quantitative Data Analysis of Water Concept in English Water Management Metadiscourse 2020-04-21T07:25:10+00:00 Nataliia Kovalyk bonaro15a@gmail.com Lesia Tymochko lessia222@yahoo.com <p>This paper deals with the comparative analysis of the possibility to apply both linguo-cognitive and quantitative methods in the study of structure of mental units, e.g. concepts. The current research continues our overall and integrated study of English ecological discourse and is the next in a number of logical research series of this scientific challenge (Ковалик 2017; Ковалик, Тимочко 2018). The study object of this paper is&nbsp;<em xml:lang="en-US">WATER</em>&nbsp;concept in English water management metadiscourse. The research is carried out on the basis of the original text of&nbsp;<em xml:lang="en-US">the EU Water Framework Directive 2000/60 / EC</em>. The aim of the paper is not only to conduct a frame-based analysis of&nbsp;<em xml:lang="en-US">WATER</em>&nbsp;concept using Svitlana Zhabotynska’s methodology of conceptual analysis (Жаботинська 1999) but also to analyse the concept occurrences in the researchable metadiscourse. In the present investigation, the conceptual structure of&nbsp;<em xml:lang="en-US">WATER</em>&nbsp;concept is modelled through basic frame schemas and is considered as an open system. The research takes a new look at the application of linguo-cognitive and quantitative data analyses in the study of&nbsp;<em xml:lang="en-US">WATER</em>&nbsp;concept in English water management metadiscourse.</p> 2020-04-20T00:00:00+00:00 Autorių teisių (c) 2020 Authors https://www.zurnalai.vu.lt/respectus-philologicus/article/view/17060 Milczenie jako specyficzna forma komunikatu w dyskursie prawnym 2020-04-21T07:25:07+00:00 Joanna Kowalczyk joanna.kowalczyk@ujk.edu.pl <p>Artykuł został poświęcony opisowi modyfikowania rzeczywistości społecznej poprzez wykorzystywanie niewerbalnych aktów komunikowania. Przedmiotem badań uczyniono znaki niewerbalne odnoszące się do obszaru interakcji prawnych. Zakres opracowania obejmował te komunikaty, które w ramach dyskursu prawnego są (lub mogą być) wyrażane za pomocą różnych form milczenia. Prymarnym celem badania było ustalenie, czy milczenie można zakwalifikować jako akt mowy&nbsp;<em xml:lang="en-US">sensu stricto</em>. Celem sekundarnym stało się określenie przydatności kategorii&nbsp;<em xml:lang="en-US">milczenie&nbsp;</em>w komunikacji prawnej. Metodologiczną podstawę prowadzonej analizy stanowiły założenia pragmatyzmu w podejściu W.&nbsp;Jamesa oraz koncepcja performatywnych aktów mowy J.&nbsp;L.&nbsp;Austina.</p> 2020-04-20T00:00:00+00:00 Autorių teisių (c) 2020 Authors https://www.zurnalai.vu.lt/respectus-philologicus/article/view/17061 Obraz osoby z zaburzeniem ze spektrum autyzmu w literaturze popularnej (na przykładzie bohatera powieści Jodi Picoult „W naszym domu”) 2020-04-21T07:25:03+00:00 Joanna Senderska jsenderska@ujk.edu.pl <p>W artykule a<span class="tlid-translation">utorka&nbsp;</span>omawia przypadek osiemnastoletniego Jacoba Hunta, głównego bohatera powieści Jodi Picolut pt.&nbsp;<em xml:lang="en-US">W naszym domu</em>&nbsp;(w oryginale:&nbsp;<em xml:lang="en-US">House Rules</em>). Jacob jest przykładem postaci literackiej o cechach podobnych do cech osób z zaburzeniami ze spektrum autyzmu (ASD, z ang.&nbsp;<em xml:lang="en-US">autism spectrum disorder</em>). Bohater powieści cierpi na zespół Aspergera, który należy do ASD. Z tego względu ma on liczne problemy z kształtowaniem i rozwijaniem&nbsp;<span class="tlid-translation">umiejętności komunikacyjnych, co przekłada się na zakłócenia komunikacji. Zakłócenia te wynikają także z trudności w rozumieniu i stosowaniu reguł społecznych, a także z określonych wąskich zainteresowań nastolatka. Autorka niniejszego artykułu wskazuje na językowe i pozajęzykowe zachowania bohatera, które są charakterystyczne dla zaburzeń ze spektrum autyzmu. Zwraca także uwagę na rolę, jaką literatura popularna odgrywa w kreowaniu wizerunku osób z ASD oraz w popularyzowaniu informacji na temat tego zaburzenia.</span></p> 2020-04-20T00:00:00+00:00 Autorių teisių (c) 2020 Authors https://www.zurnalai.vu.lt/respectus-philologicus/article/view/17062 Nostalgia and National Identity: Idea of Revisiting the Past in Latvian Fiction 2020-04-21T07:24:59+00:00 Alina Romanovska alina.romanovska@du.lv <p>One of the most popular themes in Latvian literature which has regularly arisen at different stages of its development since the 19th century is the idea of returning to the roots, the depiction of a mythological world scene when people lived according to the rhythms of nature, in full harmony with themselves and the world. Ancient times are depicted as a time when Latvians felt free living at their farms and followed the rules of the mythical time. This peculiar feature which we analyse on the basis of literary works, describes vividly the nation’s collective consciousness, desires, and needs. The need for emphasizing the idealised ancient times in the nation’s consciousness is related to the most significant transitional stages in the development of the country, which are characterised by the increased attention to the issues of national identity. During difficult stages in history, nosta lgia is a security mechanism which looks for stability in the past which we do not have in the present. The aim of the paper is to see how the nostalgic reflection on the idealized ancient times in the Latvian literature is related to the pivotal stages in the country’s history when special attention was paid to the national awareness and identity issues.</p> 2020-04-20T00:00:00+00:00 Autorių teisių (c) 2020 Authors https://www.zurnalai.vu.lt/respectus-philologicus/article/view/17063 Oral Narrative Genres as Communicative Dialogic Resources and their Correlation to African Short Fiction 2020-04-21T07:24:55+00:00 Loreta Huber Loreta.Ulvydiene@knf.vu.lt Evelina Jonaitytė evelina.jonaityte@knf.stud.vu.lt <p class="ISSN-abst-virsus">Oral and written storytelling traditions in Africa developed at the same time and influenced each other in many ways. In the twentieth century, the relation between the deeply rooted oral tradition and literary traditions intensified.<br>We aim to reveal literary analysis tools that help to trace ways how oral narrative genres found reflection in African short fiction under analysis. A case study is based on two short stories by women writers,&nbsp;<em xml:lang="en-US">The Rain Came</em>&nbsp;by Grace Ogot and&nbsp;<em xml:lang="en-US">The Lovers&nbsp;</em>by Bessie Head. Images and symbols both, in oral and written traditions in Africa, as well as the way they evolved and extended in a literary genre of short fiction are considered within the framework of hermeneutics, reader reception theory and feminist literary criticism.<br>The results obtained in the study prove that oral narrative genres interact with literary genres, though most importantly, women’s writing as a literary category and images embodied in the short stories play a decisive role and deviation from the images embodied in African oral tradition.</p> 2020-04-20T00:00:00+00:00 Autorių teisių (c) 2020 Authors